Bradford Animal Hospital Wellness and Required/Recommended Vaccines for Cats/Dogs
* All vaccines with an asterisk are required/highly recommended!
*Rabies: A severe, fatal, viral neurological disease of all warm-blooded animals, including humans. Given at 16 weeks or older.
Required by NC Law.
Leptospirosis: A bacterial disease which can affect both liver and kidneys. This can be characterized by signs of fever, anorexia, gastrointestinal signs, reproductive signs or abortion, respiratory signs, or chronic renal failure. This can be spread to humans. The organism is shed in urine and they can live in soil or water. We vaccinate for 4 types of Lepto including canicola, grippotyphosa, icterohaemorrhagiae, and Pomona.
Coronavirus: A disease characterized by mild to severe enteritis, from which most dogs recover. May be fatal in young puppies. Most adults will have no clinical signs.
*BORDETELLA: A bacteria which can cause infection canine tracheobronchitis or kennel cough in dogs. Characterized by coughing. Dogs often have a recent history of being boarding, groomed, or at a shelter. Spread by aerosol and highly contagious. Any dog with suspect kennel cough should be evaluated outside the clinic or in an isolated area. Highly recommended for those who will be boarding, grooming, or training facilities. To board at BAH you must have the bordetella vaccination. The vaccines takes 7-10 days to become effective in the system.
*LYME: A disease caused by a spirochete and transmitted by ticks. Characterized by acute lameness, anorexia, depression and may develop cardiac, neurological, or kidney disease. Can occur in humans.
Dog vaccines are done annually, the Bordetella is the only vaccine given every 6 months.
*FVRCP: Prevention of viral infections, upper respiratory infections, and other fatal infections that may occur.
*FELV: A virus that causes immunodeficiency and cancer. This virus can be spread by bites, close casual contact, shared dishes, or litter pans. Our policy is to test all new kittens at the age of 8 weeks or older. Only cats which go outdoors or have exposure to other cats that go outdoors are vaccinated. There for we recommend that all cats are tested that are new kittens, new to a house-hold or if there is a question of exposure to a positive cat.
similar to HIV in humans which causes immunodeficiency in cats. In a combo test
with FeLV, we begin testing in cats 8 weeks or older. There for we recommend
that all cats are tested that are new kittens, new to a house-hold or if there
is a question of exposure to a positive cat.
A vaccine is available and is thought to be 60-80% effective. All cats which have been vaccinated with the vaccine will subsequently test positive on any screening tests. Our policy is only to vaccinate animals whom share a household with a FIV positive cat. The vaccine is given as 3 boosters 2-3 weeks apart and yearly thereafter. This vaccine has to be specially ordered. We do not carry in stock.
Cat vaccinations are repeated yearly unless your cat is a totally indoor animal and then the team will discuss vaccination options with you. We still recommend micro-chipping your pet in case of an escape.
Dr. Bradford and her team start kittens, or un-known vaccinated cats, with a series of vaccines after being tested for FELV/FIV. We start puppies or un-known vaccinated dogs with a serious of vaccines as well. Puppies start their vaccines at 6 weeks of age and kittens start at 8 weeks of age as the natural immunity from the mother is decreasing. Boosters are given every 2.5-3 weeks and we adopt the same policy for any stray dog/cat.